Law 2020-105 relating to the fight against waste and the circular economy introduces wide ranging measures aiming to encourage reuse and recycling and improve consumer information on environmental attributes of products and their packaging.
The law aims to end the use of single-use plastic packaging by 2040. Plastic cups and plates will be banned from 1 January 2020 and plastic straws, confetti, cutlery and polystyrene take-away containers will be banned from 1 January 2021.
There are targets for reducing the use of single-use plastic beverage bottles by 50% by 2030 and reducing food waste in distribution and catering by 50% by 2025. A target for packaging reuse of 5% by 2023 and 10% by 2027 is also established.
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) will apply to a wider range of products than those in scope of EU legislation. Tobacco products with plastic filters, household chemicals and perforating medical devices will be included from 1 January 2021; toys, construction materials, furnishings, sports, leisure, DIY and garden articles from 1 January 2022 and non-biodegradable chewing gum and single-use textiles from 1 January 2024.
There are also requirements for producers and distributors to donate unsold products to charities.
The law introduces fines for producers who do not comply with information obligations or donation obligations of up to 15,000 Euro and fines of up to 30,000 Euros for producers who do not comply with the EPR obligations.